Category Archives: GUI Toolkits

wxPython: Drag and Drop an Image onto Your Application

I recently came across a question on StackOverflow where the user wanted to know how to drag images onto their image control in wxPython and have the dragged image resize into a thumbnail. This piqued my interest and I decided to figure out how to do it.

I knew that you could create a thumbnail in Python using the Pillow package. So if you’d like to follow along you will need to install Pillow and wxPython with pip:

pip install Pillow wxPython

Now that we have the latest versions of the packages we need, we can write some code. Let’s take a look: Continue reading wxPython: Drag and Drop an Image onto Your Application

wxPython: All About Accelerators

The wxPython toolkit supports using keyboard shortcuts via the concept of Accelerators and Accelerator Tables. You can also bind directly to key presses, but in a lot of cases, you will want to go with Accelerators. The accelerator gives to the ability to add a keyboard shortcut to your application, such as the ubiquitous “CTRL+S” that most applications use for saving a file. As long as your application has focus, this keyboard shortcut can be added trivially.

Note that you will normally add an accelerator table to your wx.Frame instance. If you happen to have multiple frames in your application, then you may need to add an accelerator table to multiple frames depending on your design.

Let’s take a look at a simple example: Continue reading wxPython: All About Accelerators

wxPython – Getting Data From All Columns in a ListCtrl

Every now and then, I see someone asking how to get the text for each item in a row of a ListCtrl in report mode. The ListCtrl does not make it very obvious how you would get the text in row one, column three for example. In this article we will look at how we might accomplish this task.


Getting Data from Any Column

Let’s start by creating a simple ListCtrl and using a button to populate it. Then we’ll add a second button for extracting the contents of the ListCtrl: Continue reading wxPython – Getting Data From All Columns in a ListCtrl

wxPython: Working with Status Bars

Most applications come with the Status Bar. The status bar is the widget along the bottom of most applications that you use every day. They give you information about what line you’re editing in a text editor or when you last saved. In wxPython, you can add a status bar to your frame by using the wx.StatusBar class. In this article, we will learn all about how to use status bars in wxPython.


No Status Bars

It’s always good to start at the beginning. So we will begin our journey by looking at some sample code that shows what a frame looks like without a status bar:

import wx
 
class MainFrame(wx.Frame):
 
    def __init__(self):
        wx.Frame.__init__(self, None, title='No Statusbars')
 
        panel = wx.Panel(self)
 
        self.Show()
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = wx.App(False)
    frame = MainFrame()
    app.MainLoop()

When you run this code, you should see something like the following:

Continue reading wxPython: Working with Status Bars

wxPython: Learning about TreeCtrls

The wxPython GUI toolkit comes with many widgets. A common control is a tree widget. wxPython has several different tree widgets, including the regular wx.TreeCtrl, the newer DVC_TreeCtrl and the pure Python variants, CustomTreeCtrl and HyperTreeList. In this article, we will focus on the regular wx.TreeCtrl and learn the basics of how to create and use one.

Creating a Simple Tree

Creating a TreeCtrl is actually quite easy. The wxPython demo has a fairly complex example, so I wasn’t able to use it here. Instead I ended up taking the demo example and stripping it down as much as I could. Here’s the result:

import wx
 
class MyTree(wx.TreeCtrl):
 
    def __init__(self, parent, id, pos, size, style):
        wx.TreeCtrl.__init__(self, parent, id, pos, size, style)
 
 
class TreePanel(wx.Panel):
 
    def __init__(self, parent):
        wx.Panel.__init__(self, parent)
 
        self.tree = MyTree(self, wx.ID_ANY, wx.DefaultPosition, wx.DefaultSize,
                           wx.TR_HAS_BUTTONS)    
 
        self.root = self.tree.AddRoot('Something goes here')
        self.tree.SetPyData(self.root, ('key', 'value'))
        os = self.tree.AppendItem(self.root, 'Operating Systems')
        self.tree.Expand(self.root)
 
        sizer = wx.BoxSizer(wx.VERTICAL)
        sizer.Add(self.tree, 0, wx.EXPAND)
        self.SetSizer(sizer)
 
 
class MainFrame(wx.Frame):
 
    def __init__(self):
        wx.Frame.__init__(self, parent=None, title='TreeCtrl Demo')
        panel = TreePanel(self)
        self.Show()
 
 
if __name__ == '__main__':
    app = wx.App(redirect=False)
    frame = MainFrame()
    app.MainLoop()

In this example, we create a subclass of wx.TreeCtrl that doesn’t do anything. Then we create a panel subclass where we instantiate the tree and add a root and sub-item. Finally we create the frame that holds the panel and run the application. You should end up with something that looks similar to the following:

This is a pretty boring example, so let’s make something a bit more interesting. Continue reading wxPython: Learning about TreeCtrls

wxPython Cookbook is Officially Released!

I recently finished up Mmy third book, wxPython Cookbook and I am officially releasing it today. My wxPython Cookbook is my longest book yet, clocking in at over 340 pages and over 50 recipes. I have a full table of contents on Leanpub for anyone who is interested in the nitty gritty details.

Here are the current places that you can get a copy of the book:

Thanks so much to all my readers and Kickstarter backers who have encouraged me throughout the writing process.

wxPython Cookbook Writing Update: Beta Version Available

I am happy to announce that I now have all the chapters for my latest book, wxPython Cookbook, ready to be checked out. I still consider the book to be in beta mode as I need to go through each chapter and check them over as much as possible this month, but I am also pretty confident that the book is over 90% complete. Some chapters still need a screenshot or two added and I also plan to add another chapter or two as well.

For those of you who like raw data, there are currently 51 recipes in the book + the introduction and installation chapters. There are over 300 pages of content, which is more than either of my previous books!

I hope to do some polishing this week by adding the missing screenshots and also writing a brand new chapter. I am also hoping to get some of the code examples into Github this week. I do apologize for the delay in getting that done. Life has been really crazy on my end.

You can get early access to the book on Leanpub and Gumroad. You will also receive the final product + updates if you purchase the book from either of those websites. You can also check out the original Kickstarter campaign to learn more about the book.

Thanks again for all your support!

wxcookbook_small

wxPython Cookbook Cover Story

I always spend some time thinking about how I want my book’s cover to look. When I was designing the Cookbook’s cover, I thought mostly about food and chefs. I had originally thought I might have some kind of kitchen scene with mice in chef hats and a snake on the mantle. But I wanted to take the idea of cooking and put a twist on it.

Instead of a kitchen, I thought of cowboys herding cattle and how they usually had a cook with them. So I went with that idea, although I didn’t have the herds of animals added to the cover.

To help differentiate the Cookbook from my previous works, I hired a different artist from my previous titles named Liza Tretyakova. You can check out some of her work on Behance or even contact her directly by email (schimmel@inbox.ru) if you happen to need a great artist.

I thought it might be fun for you to see how the cover art evolved as I worked with the artist to get my ideas for the cover turned into reality. Let’s start with the first sketch I got from Liza:

wxpython_cookbook_cover_sketch

Continue reading wxPython Cookbook Cover Story

wxPython Cookbook Sample Chapters

My newest book will be my own home brewed version of a wxPython Cookbook. If you’re interested in learning more about it, then please check out the Kickstarter campaign. The brief synopsis is that it will have a little over 50 recipes in the book and around 300 pages of content.

To help you make an informed decision about whether or not you would like to support the book, I am releasing a few sample chapters. You can download them here as a PDF. Please note that these chapters are in a beta state. I will be updating the vast majority of the book with new screenshots and updated code examples where appropriate as well as various other tweaks and enhancements.

ANN: The wxPython Cookbook Kickstarter

Several years ago, the readers of this blog asked me to take some of my articles and turn them into a cookbook on wxPython. I have finally decided to do just that. I am including over 50 recipes that I am currently editing to make them more consistent and updating them to be compatible with the latest versions of wxPython. I currently have nearly 300 pages of content!

To help fund the initial production of the book, I am doing a fun little Kickstarter campaign for the project. The money raised will be used for the unique perks offered in the campaign as well as various production costs related to the book, such as ISBN acquisition, artwork, software expenses, advertising, etc.

In case you don’t know what wxPython is, the wxPython package is a popular toolkit for creating cross platform desktop user interfaces. It works on Windows, Mac and Linux with little to no modification of your code base.

The examples in my book will work with both wxPython 3.0.2 Classic as well as wxPython Phoenix, which is the bleeding edge of wxPython that supports Python 3. If I discover any recipes that do not work with Phoenix, they will be clearly marked or there will be an alternative example given that does work.

Here is a listing of the current set of recipes in no particular order:

  • Adding / Removing Widgets Dynamically
  • How to put a background image on a panel
  • Binding Multiple Widgets to the Same Handler
  • Catching Exceptions from Anywhere
  • wxPython’s Context Managers
  • Converting wx.DateTime to Python datetime
  • Creating an About Box
  • How to Create a Login Dialog
  • How to Create a “Dark Mode”
  • Generating a Dialog from a Config File
  • How to Disable a Wizard’s Next Button
  • How to Use Drag and Drop
  • How to Drag and Drop a File From Your App to the OS
  • How to Edit Your GUI Interactively Using reload()
  • How to Embed an Image in the Title Bar
  • Extracting XML from the RichTextCtrl
  • How to Fade-in a Frame / Dialog
  • How to Fire Multiple Event Handlers
  • Making your Frame Maximize or Full Screen
  • Using wx.Frame Styles
  • Get the Event Name Instead of an Integer
  • How to Get Children Widgets from a Sizer
  • How to Use the Clipboard
  • Catching Key and Char Events
  • Learning How Focus Works in wxPython
  • Making Your Text Flash
  • Minimizing to System Tray
  • Using ObjectListView instead of ListCtrl
  • Making a Panel Self-Destruct
  • How to Switch Between Panels
  • wxPython: Using PyDispatcher instead of Pubsub
  • Creating Graphs with PyPlot
  • Redirect Python’s Logging Module to a TextCtrl
  • Redirecting stdout / stderr
  • Resetting the Background Color
  • Saving Data to a Config File
  • How to Take a Screenshot of Your wxPython App and Print it
  • Creating a Simple Notebook
  • Ensuring Only One Instance Per Frame
  • Storing Objects in ComboBox or ListBox Widgets
  • Syncing Scrolling Between Two Grids
  • Creating Taskbar Icons
  • A wx.Timer Tutorial
  • How to Update a Progress Bar from a Thread
  • Updating Your Application with Esky
  • Creating a URL Shortener
  • Using Threads in wxPython
  • How to Create a Grid in XRC
  • An Introduction to XRC

 Note: Recipe names and order are subject to change

wxpython_cookbook_final